Flora and Fauna
Lake Montepulciano Nature Reserve provides an important resting, wintering and nesting place for birds: 199 species have been recorded here, 92 of which nest in the Reserve. In addition to water birds, the area also attracts numerous species linked to open habitats, riparian vegetation, marginal areas, etc. These include a significant concentration of nesting birds of prey, such as the Eurasian Hobby, the Kestrel, the Buzzard and the Black Kite; which are joined by other species in winter, such as the Sparrowhawk, the Peregrine Falcon and the Hen Harrier. No fewer than four types of woodpecker can be seen in the hygrophilous woods and poplar groves, where it is also possible to hear the fluty notes of the Golden Oriole and the varied melodious song of the Nightingale in spring.
The abundance of insects also makes marshlands the ideal hunting ground for numerous species that nest in other areas. These include very gregarious birds, such as the European bee-eater and three types of swallow (the Swallow, the Common House Martin and the Sand Martin). The lake is especially important for these birds when they are preparing for long migratory journeys and need to accumulate the fat that will serve as fuel for their incredibly long flights.